Drought the population more affected by the drought that undergoes the region is the nomadic town, whose unique wealth is their animal, that they sell and they use like food. In the last year, the region has undergone two consecutive stations with levels of rains inferiors to the averages, having caused the fall of the productivity of the harvests, the exhaustion of the grass and a significant increase of the mortality of the cattle. According to Unicef, around 40% of approximately the 19.5 million nomadic shepherds of these African regions it survives less than with a dollar the day. These little income continuously are threatened, since the cattle del that depend is vulnerable to the whims of the nature. When the droughts debilitate and kill their animal, these people, of in case marginalized, they lose everything what they own. Refugees of conflicts armed Before an insufficient humanitarian answer, the combination of drought and war in the Horn of Africa, and concretely in Somalia, have brought about the massive exodus of thousands of people towards neighboring countries like Kenya.
There it is the greater field of refugees of the world, in Dadaab, that at the moment is overflowed by more than 350,000 people. In these fields of refugees, according to denunciation Medical Without Borders, " the refugees, in their majority women and children, are without shelter, water, food nor money. They take an average of 12 days in receiving one first ration of alimentos". And the situation worsens as they spend the days. According to the Agency of the UN for Refugiados (ACNUR), in which we took of year have registered 44,000 new refugees and something more than the population of the city of Murcia calculates that at the end of 2011 they will be already 450,000. X-ray of each Somalia country the somal country has an extension of 637.657 km square and almost 10 million inhabitants.