David Hume



In relation to the morality and the religion in the man, HUME (2005, P. 118) affirms that, duties that a man fulfills as friend or as father seem to simply mention to its benfeito or its children, and it cannot lack to these duties without breaching all the bonds of the nature and the morality. One strong inclination can stimulate it cumpriz them. A feeling of order and moral obligation joins its force to the force of these natural bonds, and the man entirely, if he is truily virtuous, it is lead to its duty without any effort or violence. Still in the case of the virtues that are more austere and more dependents of the reflection, as public spirit, the filiar duty, the moderation or the integrity, the moral debtor, as we understand, discards all the pretension to a religious merit; the virtuous behavior is not more what we must to the society or we ourselves. If the religion does not have potentiality to form a morality in the individual, then, what it forms? In accordance with Bayle, is the natural passions that form the morality. As the passions make in them to seduce for things and then we start to desire them, with these desires, make our choices, are bad or good they, however, better for itself. Making reference the Aristotle, the choice is who of the origin to the action, as all action aims at some good, then, choice without reason or moral disposal does not exist..